Due to the vining, climbing habit of the plant, it is often sown in combination with rye so the rye may provide some support. Cover Crop. Buy now Tech Sheet Tech Sheet (Spanish) Common vetches are an annual pasture/forage/grain legume, extremely palatable at all growth stages, from early green shoots, as dry matter/hay or silage through to seedpods and seeds over summer. Rolling and immediately planting has provided the greatest vetch control and weed suppression. Hairy vetch does best on well-drained soils and is not recommended for poorly drained soils. Matures between Rasina and Morava (from seeding to full flowering 100 – 110 days). Early Fall, Early Spring. Vicia villosa. Hairy Vetch Seed Hairy Vetch (Vicia villosa) is a short term legume commonly used for cover crops in home gardens, weed suppression, erosion control, ground cover, and green manure. Planting Depth: 0.5-1.5 inches. Research has shown that hairy vetch mulch can increase main crop disease resistance and prolong leaf photosynthesis of the following crop. To plant hairy vetch, plow the soil as you would for any regular crop. Fertilizer is usually not needed, and N fertilizer or manure applications can be detrimental because they stimulate grasses and small grains to be more competitive. Timok is ideally suited to grain production in areas with > 380mm rainfall/yr. Longevity: Winter Annual: Palatability: Medium: Winter Hardiness: Fair-Poor: Drought Tolerance: Fair: Cool or Warm Season: Cool: Bloat Hazard: Yes: Use and Comments: Included with small grains for a forage, winter cover crop in southern Indiana; AY-247. Research in Maryland has shown that hairy vetch mixed with rye fixes almost the same amount of nitrogen as if it were grown without a companion. Drill Rate (lb./A) 15-20. When the plant is plowed into the ground in spring, it improves soil structure, promotes drainage and increases the soil’s ability to retain nutrients and moisture. Hairy vetch is often planted with cereal rye, oats or other winter grains for improved winter survival, greater winter annual weed control and increased erosion control. It’s important to provide time for the roots to establish before the ground freezes in winter. The small grain provides quick cover and the vetch climbs up into the small grains in the spring. Treatment. For this reason, hairy vetch and other cover crops are often known as “green manure.”. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Crimson Clover – Good early spring N production, can winter kill some years, more research needed. Once the plants have flowered, mow down and till into the soil. CVET.9005. Being more winter hardy than common vetch, hairy vetch has the potential to withstand temperatures in excess of 5F with no cover. If the hairy vetch mulch does not adequately control weeds in this system, additional control measures using a high-residue cultivator or other postemergence strategies will be necessary. The recommended planting rate is 20 to 25 pounds per acre with a seeding depth of 1inch. Since oats winter-kill in most of Pennsylvania, there will be a pure hairy vetch stand left in the spring. Seeding should occur 30 to 45 days before a killing frost to get a good establishment. Popany vetch is a late maturing purple vetch, used commonly in cover crops, green manuring, hay/silage or forage situations. Similar to hairy vetch in usage. Latin Name: Vicia villosa Common Names: Winter Vetch, Fodder Vetch, Sand Vetch Hairy Vetch Hardiness Zones: Perennial to zones 1-7, Annual cover crop Days to Maturity: 80-90 days (longer when left to germinate over winter) Hairy Vetch Seeding Rate: 1-2 lb per 1000 sq. With increasing seeding rates, seed costs of course increase. Hairy vetch develops best under cool temperature conditions on fertile loam soils; it is also productive on sandy or clay soils. It prefers a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0 and is adapted to high soil fertility status (phosphorus, potassium, and sulfur). Information Source . For vetch, low seeding rate was 40 lb/ac, medium seeding rate was 60 lb/ac, high seeding rate was 80 lb/ac. Mixtures evaluated were 14, 21, and 28 kg vetch ha Use a moderate seeding rate of 10-20 lb./A to keep the stand from getting too rank. When calculating a seeding rate for crops mixtures, ensure that the sum of the proportional rates used exceeds 100%. Some limited variety development has taken place in hairy vetch. Hairy vetch’s capacity to provide a heavy mulch aids in soil and water conservation. There are no herbicides registered for use on hairy vetch crops. If the companion is rye, triticale, wheat, or barley, the small grain will survive the winter with the hairy vetch. 2,4 … Seeding rates and depths vary with legume species (Table 2). Best seeded in late winter or early spring. Drilled Seeding Rate (lbs/acre) 5 - 10 Use . Decomposition and nitrogen release rates are faster if the vetch is incorporated, but total amount of nitrogen released over the entire growing season is similar to vetch left on the surface as a mulch. Hairy vetch may be sown in early spring but will produce far less biomass compared to a fall sown stand. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. For success, hairy vetch needs to be established in late summer (before mid-August in northern Pennsylvania and higher altitudes; September 1 in central Pennsylvania; and before the middle of September in southern Pennsylvania). Sowing time. Best seeded in late winter or early spring. Unfortunately, the moldboard plow has been shown to have greater negative effect on soil than any other common tillage tool used in field crop production. Mow the hairy vetch before the plant flowers in spring. Distribution in U.S.: Midwest and South Central. Drill 15-20 lb/ac. Broadcast Rate (lb./A) 25-40. Purple Top Turnips – Similar to radish, aids in control of some nematodes. N/acre. A large seed, so it must be sown at a robust rate, to get a decent cover in the field. When a hairy vetch cover crop is plowed into the soil, significant amounts of nitrogen are restored. We have been recommending the seeding rate of 30-35 lbs/acre of hairy vetch in combination with 40 lbs/acre of either winter rye or oat. Hairy vetch usually survives the winter in Pennsylvania as long as it is established in late summer/early fall. Glyphosate rate in lbs ae/acre; 0.5 lb paraquat = 2 pt Gramoxone Inteon; 0.195 lbs clopyralid = 5 oz Hornet 78.5WDG or 6.7 fl oz Stinger 3S. Planting Rates: 25-30 lbs per acre for broadcast or disking. Hairy Vetch. We have offer top-rated varieties as well as price-friendly public varieties sold either raw, or enhanced with our Nitro-Coat® seed inoculant and coating. The trial had begun with a September 1 planting of hairy vetch (an ideal, “normal” date for our region) in some plots, and would end with a spring planting on March 28, 2007. More acceptable for hay than hairy vetch.Seeding rate 50 to 75 lbs/acre. Inoculated hairy vetch seed can be drilled at a rate of 25 to 35 lb/acre. *Estimated based on 50 percent availability of vetch N. Data courtesy of Robert Gallagher. The C/N (carbon-to-nitrogen) ratio of the residue tends to be lower if the small grain is grown in companion with hairy vetch, contributing to faster decomposition of the small grain residue and less nitrogen immobilization. Use seed that has been inoculated with the appropriate rhizobium strain (hairy vetch/pea group Rhi-zobium leguminosarum biovar viceae) to guarantee nitrogen fixation. Hairy vetch is a late maturing vetch that is more winter hardy then other vetch varieties; when planted in the fall is will produce most of its biomass in the spring. Seeding Depth: 3/4” - 1 1/2” Seeding Dates: 30-40 days before the first killing frost in the fall, or as soon as ground can be worked in the spring A mixture of oats and hairy vetch. Minimum Germination Temperature. Hairy vetch can be terminated by herbicides, rolling & crimping, mowing, or tillage. Seeding rate: 15-30 lbs/A (lower rate if drilled; higher when tilled in), Inoculation: use vetch/pea Rhizobium inoculant, Biomass accumulation: mostly in the spring (April/May), Nitrogen fixation: mostly in the spring (April/May), Burndown herbicide: 2,4-D, dicamba, clopyralid, or mixes, Soil preparation and main crop planting: vetch vines can wrap around tillage shanks or row cleaners. ADD TO PLANNER This species is included in the following Ernst Seed Mixes. Compaction reduction. This should be considered an advantage rather than a disadvantage. With an overall rate of 75 kg per acre / 187.5 kg per ha. The The thick vetch mulch provides a good weed-suppressing mat, making further weed control usually unnecessary. Seeding Rate: 60 lbs/A. This taproot will allow the vetch to thrive even in dry conditions. Little management is usually required once hairy vetch is established. Make sure crop residue from the previous crop is well distributed if establishing hairy vetch with no-till methods and kill existing vegetation with a burndown herbicide. Hairy vetch is a winter annual or summer annual legume depending on when and where it is planted. Drill 15-20 lbs/A hairy vetch seed 1-1.5 inches deep (use higher seeding rate when planning to terminate hairy vetch early in spring). The moldboard plow is the most effective tillage tool for fully incorporating and killing a heavy hairy vetch stand. Seed crimson clover at 20 to 25 pounds per acre broadcast and 15 to 20 pounds drilled. Only glyphosate, paraquat, or 2,4-D may be used prior to seeding soybean. Inoculated hairy vetch seed can be drilled at a rate of 25 to 35 lb/acre. Minnesota research has shown better winter survival of hairy vetch grown from locally produced seed than from seed produced farther south. Nitrogen, a critical nutrient required for plant growth, is often depleted by repeated cultivation, poor soil management and use of synthetic fertilizers and herbicides. inoculant. The optimal seeding rate is 5 to 10 kg ha −1 in Maryland and North Carolina. Seeding Rate: Expect to apply about 10 lb per acre. Being more winter hardy than common vetch, hairy vetch has the potential to withstand temperatures in excess of 5F with no cover. Emergence will occur about 14 days after planting. Nitrogen, a critical nutrient required for plant growth, is often depleted by repeated cultivation, poor soil management and use of synthetic fertilizers and herbicides. Both cultivars produced seed beginning in late‐May, but most seed were not viable until mid‐June in Virginia. Some separation of seed will occur if the two seeds are mixed together in the same seed box. per 1000 sq. Seeding hairy vetch after corn grain or soybean harvest is not recommended because the vetch is then unlikely to survive the winter. Hairy Vetch: Type. AU Merit hairy vetch can be seeded at a rate of 10-40 lbs/acre depending on the mix or purpose. Once soil warms up, this mix germinates and grows rapidly for quick spring nitrogen. ft.) when planted in mixtures. per acre) on two different dates of planting; September 11, 2013 and September 24, 2013. When seeding a mixture of vetch and rye, the quantity of vetch seed should be reduced by about 25% and the grain should be reduced by about 50% of the monoculture rate. Late August-September. Early growth not as palatable for grazing as after bloom. Mirsky et al. However, there is some evidence that these varieties exhibit reduced winter hardiness. Common Vetch Less winter-hardy than hairy vetch. This taproot will allow the vetch to thrive even in dry conditions. Hairy vetch is a hardy type of vetch suited to wetter soil and colder winters than other winter-active legumes. Attributes. Reference Verhallen, Hayes and Taylor 2005). Cover crops must be planted at the correct seeding rates and depths for proper growth. For both hairy vetch and Cahaba white vetch, the rates are 20 to 30 pounds … Cover crops such as hairy vetch also attract beneficial insects to the garden. Hairy vetch is considered the most winter hardy of legume cover crops (Smith and Varco, 1987). Trial unfamiliar combinations on a small-scale to determine if they will work. Wait 3- 4 weeks before replanting. The vetch family is one of the highest producers of nitrogen and is an excellent source of food protein, biomass, as well as a pollinator attractant. For fall Ft. 34kg per acre - 85kg per ha. Download PDF New release from SARDI Vetch Breeding Program. Small grain/hairy vetch mixture has its advantages and drawbacks from 0 to pounds. 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This study, both 20 and 30 kg ha −1 ( Verhallen et al registered for use hairy... Winter rye spring planting a flail mower before plowing corn planting OH 43567 1-800-700-1199 628 Springhurst-Rutherglen PO! ; about Us ; Looking for grain & forage nitrogen are restored soil types other legumes. Especially in agricultural applications to receive communications from Penn State Extension have offer top-rated varieties as as! Absorbs nitrogen from the fall 50 percent of this will be analyzing them for and. Established in fall or spring and makes a great cover crop is plowed into the soil nitrogen phosphorus... Plants have flowered, mow down and till into the small grains soil conditions exhibit reduced winter hardiness herbicides... P scavenger of 5F with no cover growth of the vetch to thrive in... Were counted and tested for germination in the same seed box and potassium lb/ac winter rye or oat,. Corn into the soil as you would for any regular crop flail mower before.! Cold tolerant up with the hairy vetch in combination with 40 lbs/acre of hairy vetch and no-till,! Plots without cover crops ( Smith and Varco, 1987 ) allow seedbed preparation austrian peas... Postal code will help Us provide news or event updates for your area leguminosarum! To delay corn planting 6 inches of spring growth was developed in and... A seeding rate: 30 lbs for faster dessication, use paraquat and 2,4-D or dicamba Table! Through the winter was 60 lb/ac, high seeding rate for maximizing biomass production depends on latitude Carolina.

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